There is no one way to go by each skin, as every skin is specific and different and what we incorporate in our routine would be very individual. However, the basic formula looks like the below.
Whether you incorporate all steps, or chose a few, would be up to you. Just remember that
the order of application is just as important, if not more, than the products themselves.
So if you have one takeaway from this page - it should be that.
In a few words...
Get rid of dirt and grime to allow for products to reach the skin. And of course - everything is better clean.
Acne-prone skin would do well with exfoliating cleanser containing glycolic or salicylic acid.
Sensitive skin – should use cleansers with botanicals like green tea, as they are extremely soothing.
Dry skin – do for creamy cleanser that has little foaming action
Oily skin – goes well with foaming gel cleansers
Ideally twice a day, but at least prior to going to bed is a must
Originally invented to clean up residue from cleansers, which is nowadays not needed. However, some have active ingredients and make the follow penetration product more effective.
Important as it hydrates the skin, which is always more comfortable, than dry skin. Also, a good such would minimize the appearance of fine lines. Also, moisturizer creates a barrier between the top layer of the skin and the air, without which the skin may get irritated.
Occlusive properties – prevent water loss. E.g. Grapeseed oil, Squalene, Soybean oil, Beeswax, Dimethicone (a type of silicone) and lanolin – all of those are effective only while on the skin.
Humectant properties – attract water from outside and from the deeper layers of the skin. This causes slight swelling which gives appearance of smoother skin and fewer wrinkles. E. g., Glycerin, some AHAs like lactic acid, hyaluronic acid, sorbitol, propylene glycol, urea, and sodium lactate.
Emollients – dimethicone and propylene glycol for instance, soften and smoothen skin by filling spaces between skin cells. Usually have both of the above properties.
Good moisturizer would have a little of all above plus active ingredients like antioxidants, e.g. Vit C and green tea, to add extra source of protection.
Absolute must – sunscreen
The loosening of dead skin cells from the upper layer of the skin – important as with the skin cells turnover decreasing with time, accumulated debris causes dullness. Scrub (chose one with spherical particles so to avoid scratched – e.g. jojoba beads) or exfoliating agent regularly is important a few times a week – before moisturizer.
Absolute must – this area is super delicate and on top of that susceptible to visible blood vessels, darkness and is easily wrinkled. Additionally, as there is almost no fat – it gets dehydrated easily.
Good product has potent moisturizing and wrinkle-fighting properties.